The Proceedings of the Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies are a compilation of the complete text of papers and presentations made at each annual conference. Representatives from state and federal agencies, citizen's organizations, universities, and private wildlife research groups present their latest findings relative to resource management, both through scientific research and actual case histories. Fisheries and wildlife scientists present peer reviewed papers at their respective sessions, agency enforcement personnel exchange information on tactics and mutual problems and agency attorneys discuss the latest developments in wildlife law and other pertinent legal issues.

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Reintroductions of the Endangered Delmarva Fox Squirrel in Maryland

Author: Glenn D. Therres; Guy W. Willey, Sr.
Citation: Proc. Annu. Conf. Southeast. Assoc. Fish and Wildl. Agencies 56:
Section: Wildlife Session
Page Numbers: 265-274
Year: 2002
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Reintroductions of Delmarva fox squirrels (Sciurus niger cinereus) to suitable habitat have been a recovery tool used for this endangered species. In Maryland, we attempted reintroductions at 11 sites beginning in 1978. The last reintroduction was completed in 1992. At each site, 8-42 individuals were released during spring or fall over a 1-3 year period. Attempts were made to release an equal number of males and females. Monitoring at reintroduction sites by live-trapping has documented recruitment and establishment of populations at 9 sites. Criteria used for determining population establishment follows that of the Delmarva Fox Squirrel Recovery Plan (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 1993). Because 7 of these populations were established with <24 individuals, supplemental releases of Delmarva fox squirrels were conducted to bolster genetic diversity. This paper summarizes the history of Delmarva fox squirrel reintroductions in Maryland, provides the results of recent live-trapping efforts at the sites, and discusses success of these efforts.
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